The following are flags in which I have a personal interest. Flags of the World is a great resource covering flags worldwide. That site is the source for the flag images on this site.
Basel-Land is a half-canton which separated from Basel-Land in 1832. The flag was first used in 1834 and is a style of crozier used in Liestal. The Basel-Stadt flag, which was the flag of the entire canton of Basel prior to the division, is black instead of red and the crook is turned to the left. The Basel-Land flag was made official in 1947.
Adopted: May 9, 1949
The black-red-yellow tricolor flag was first adopted by the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848 for the proposed united German Empire and abolished in 1852. It was readopted as the flag of the German Reich in 1919 and replaced by the old black-white-red tricolor in 1933. It was once more adopted as the modern German flag in 1949.
The following memorandum appears in the Minutes of the New Jersey General Assembly for March 11, 1896 on page 347:
The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.
Mr. (Charles F.) Hopkins (of Morris County) offered the following memorandum, which was read:
On March 23rd, 1779 during the war of the Revolution, the Continental Congress, by resolution authorized and directed the Commander-in-Chief to prescribe the uniform, both as to color and facings, for the regiments of the New Jersey Continental Line.
In accordance with this resolution, General Washington, in General Orders dated Army Headquarters, New Windsor, New York, October 2nd, 1779, directed that the coats for such regiments should be dark blue, faced with buff.
On February 28th, 1780, the Continental War Officers in Philadelphia directed that each of said regiments should have two flags, viz: one the United States flag and the other a State flag, the ground to be of the color of the facing. Thus the State flag of New Jersey became the beautiful and historic buff, as selected for it by the Father of His Country, and it was displayed in view of the combined French and American armies in the great culminating event of the War of the Revolution, the capitulation of a British army under Lieutenant General Earl Cornwallis at Yorktown.
The inquiry arises, why did General Washington select the beautiful historic buff facings exclusively for the Continental lines of New York and New Jersey when such facings were only prescribed for his own uniform and that of other Continental general officers and their aides-de-camp?
He evidently made the selection not only designedly, but for historic reasons. New York and New Jersey had originally been settled by the Dutch. Dark blue (Jersey blue) and buff were Holland or Netherlands insignia.
The flag design dates back to the Revolutionary War. The coat of arms was adopted on March 16, 1778 and has always appeared on the flag, but previous to 1901 the flag color was not blue, but buff, like the New Jersey flag.
Adopted: January 18, 1957
The state flag is the same with the arms of the Land in the middle. The blue-white-red flag of Schleswig-Holstein dates from 1844 and the colors were taken from the coat of arms of Schleswig and Holstein. Because the flag was used by pro-German movements while under the rule of Denmark, the flag was banned by Danish authorities in 1845. Schleswig-Holstein became a province of Prussia in 1867 and was under German rule, but the blue-white-red was never legally adopted until 1957, after having been in unofficial use since 1948.
Adopted: December 12, 1889
The Swiss flag is based on flag of the canton Schwyz. That flag is red with a small white cross in the upper hoist. The national flag first came into general use at the Battle of Laupen in 1339 and was used unofficially until 1848, when the confederation formally adopted it. The last time the flag was regulated was in 1889.
Adopted: July 4, 1960
The design of the US flag was the result of a resolution adopted by the Second Continental Congress on June 14, 1777 that read:
Resolved: that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation.
There was no law (and still is none) concerning the arrangement of the stars. The current arrangement is according to executive order.
In 1795 the number of stars and stripes were increased to 15 each, reflecting the two new states (Vermont and Kentucky) that were admitted to the union. As new states were added, increasing the number of stripes would have been impractical, so Congress ordered that after July 4, 1818 the number of stripes would be set permanently at 13, representing the 13 original states, the number of stars would equal the number of states and that whenever a new state was added the flag would be altered on the next July 4. Because Hawaii became a state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag became official on July 4, 1960.